When catfish farming development heyday, the Lower Mekong Basin suffer each year about 500 million cubic meters of waste from aquaculture operations.
* Miracle catfish
Not to mention no small amount of waste from processing plants were built mostly along the Tien and Hau rivers. However, the application of mandatory standards on the international export market (CoC, SQF, GlobalGAP ...) has created a fundamental change in both the rearing and processing in Vietnam. In particular, appeared technological race among manufacturing enterprises in the Mekong Delta in the direction of creating more value for the fish.
The new undaunted
Dated 12/22/2010, just in time for public opinion pressing for WWF Vietnam catfish taken on the red list, Morningstar Group (An Giang) Group Balesstra Desmet (Belgium) has signed contracts worth $ 15 million preparing for the introduction of fish oil refinery located at Vam Cong Industrial cluster (commune, Binh Thanh, Lap Vo district, Dong Thap).
This will be the first factory in Vietnam as well as the world has the ability to turn catfish fat into products of high nutritional levels, the introduction of any home kitchen, including cooking oil, vegetable oil mix, shortening oil (used in manufacturing instant noodles), butter
margarine, puff pastry dough (used in food industry such as high-class bakery croissant, bread pate chaud ...), member Omega 3 fish oil (pharmaceutical products) ... On a different direction, JSC Vinh Hoan (Dong Thap) also held out experimental projects produce bio-oil (biodiesel) from catfish fat for use in transportation, technology, equipment Success of the Company are Nexus (Malaysia). Official activities scheduled in late 2011 in Thanh Binh industrial complex, bio-oil plant of JSC Vinh Hoan profit for $ 1 million per year.
Both projects have pioneered the use of modern technology, product handling huge amounts of not less than 300,000 tons per year, creating added value is even higher fillet exports. Mr. Le Thanh Thuan - Chairman and General Manager Group Sao Mai - analysis: "Recently, our pangasius explosion in volume and it leaves a very large amount of fat, but we still sold abroad at cheaper prices.
A year in the future, we are able to export $ 1 billion offshore oil and fish. Currently, we are also the loss of nearly $ 1 billion to the import of palm oil for daily life of the people. When fatty fish shows the true value of it is farmers that have more chance to raise prices. "
Scenario for catfish?
After all, climate change is the "metal ring she" always clinging to the giant, tackle and limit the growth miracle of catfish in Vietnam in the future. If the cause of the crisis is a state surplus in 2008 to develop farming spontaneous, non-compliance plan is now planning to develop production and consumption of catfish in the Mekong Delta in 2010 and orientation to MARD 2020 was approved at last year are causing concern "too far".
Under this plan, commercial fish farming areas has been extended to nine provinces: An Giang, Dong Thap, Vinh Long, Can Tho, Hau Giang, Soc Trang, Tien Giang, Ben Tre and Tra Vinh. Meanwhile, according to scientists, climate change has significant impact to the "gold waters": seven-year consecutive term. From 2003-2010, floods below average. Storms, thunderstorms tornado appears more and more. Saltwater intrusion of deeper inland. The amount of silt from upstream to downstream poured down from 150 million tons (2000) to 90 million tons (2010).
And is the hottest project Xayaburi building dams in Laos and if approved will destroy the "granary", "fish bowl" in the Mekong Delta as well as the "granary", "fish bowl" of the world. Scenario for catfish?
Under the plan, the area of catfish in the Mekong Delta in 2011 will increase 6.300ha, the output from 1.2-1.3 million tons, exports from 1.45 to 1.55 billion. However, there are criticisms.
The most notable is the opinion of Dr. Vo Hung Dung - Director of VCCI Can Tho State should have policies to protect the basic foundation of the fish industry, including protection of priority areas for farming and farmers generate good material. Processing enterprises to increase exports through the management of the floor price.